The Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) issued CSA Staff Notice 33-319 (the Notice) to provide an update on the “Best Interest Standard” and “Targeted Reforms” proposed last year in an important CSA Consultation Paper that we discussed in a previous post.
Most regulators have decided to abandon the Best Interest Standard which would have introduced a “client best interest” standard against which all registrant-client obligations would be interpreted.
The CSA will still proceed with a refined set of Targeted Reforms. Even in the absence of a Best Interest Standard in most jurisdictions, the Targeted Reforms would nonetheless … Continue Reading
On September 22, 2016, the Canadian Securities Administrators (the “CSA”) published CSA Notice and Request for Comment – Modernization of Investment Fund Product Regulation – Alternative Funds (the “Proposed Amendments”). The Proposed Amendments represent the final phase of the CSA’s ongoing policy work to modernize investment fund product regulation in Canada (the “Modernization Project”). While primarily aimed at the development of a more comprehensive regulatory framework for commodity pool mutual funds that are currently governed by National Instrument 81-104 – Commodity Pools (“NI 81-104”), if adopted, the Proposed Amendments will also have a meaningful impact on other types of mutual … Continue Reading
IIROC is providing all dealer member firms it regulates (Firms) with a confidential cybersecurity “report card” that will include:
- an individual assessment of the Firm’s cybersecurity preparedness program
- a comparison of the Firm’s cybersecurity practices against the industry and other Firms of similar size and business model
- a list of cybersecurity areas to which the Firm should be giving priority attention.
The report cards were generated based on the results of an extensive assessment survey that Firms completed in June 2016. The survey responses were benchmarked against a National Institute of Standards and Technology cybersecurity framework that … Continue Reading
Les Autorités canadiennes en valeurs mobilières (les ACVM) ont publié un important document de consultation dans lequel il est proposé de rehausser considérablement les obligations de tous les conseillers, courtiers et représentants, y compris les membres de l’OCRCVM et de l’ACFM (les personnes inscrites). Les commentaires sur ce document de consultation peuvent être présentés jusqu’au 26 août.… Continue Reading
For the first time since 2014, the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC) will send Ontario registrants a risk assessment questionnaire (RAQ) that must be completed by portfolio managers, investment fund managers, exempt market dealers, restricted portfolio managers and restricted dealers registered in Ontario. Registrants will receive the 2016 RAQ tomorrow, May 18.
The OSC uses data gathered through the RAQ to apply a risk ranking to firms. Firms with higher risk rankings are more likely to be targeted by the OSC for compliance reviews. As a result, it is important that the RAQ answers be considered … Continue Reading
Recently, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) released an important Consultation Paper that proposes to significantly increase the obligations of all advisers, dealers and representatives, including IIROC and MFDA members (Registrants). Comments on the Consultation Paper can be made until August 26.
The CSA is proposing two distinct categories of changes that, if adopted, will significantly impact the economics of existing Registrant business models and Registrant compliance costs:
1. Best Interest Standard: A “client best interest” standard against which all Registrant-client obligations would be interpreted.
2. “Targeted Reforms”: A comprehensive set of so-called “targeted reforms” will affect … Continue Reading
The Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) are proposing to introduce a mandatory standardized risk classification methodology for mutual funds and ETFs (the Proposed Methodology). Fund managers would be required to use the Proposed Methodology to determine the investment risk level of conventional mutual funds (which must be disclosed in the Fund Facts document) and exchange-traded mutual funds (ETFs) (to be disclosed in the proposed ETF Facts document). Currently, fund managers may determine the risk level of a mutual fund using a methodology of their choosing, though the methodology developed by the Investment Funds Institute of … Continue Reading
The OSC Staff has announced steps it will take to eliminate trailing commissions for fee-based mutual fund series when they file their next annual renewal prospectuses. In the latest edition of the OSC’s Investment Funds Practitioner, OSC Staff expressed the view that a mutual fund series intended for fee-based accounts should not also have a trailing commission embedded in the ongoing cost of the fund series. In Staff’s view, this compensation structure is inconsistent with fee-based mutual fund series because of the extra trailing charge on top of the fee. The OSC Staff maintains this result may be contrary … Continue Reading
The Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) recently released CSA Staff Notice 51-341 setting out the results of their Continuous Disclosure Review Program for fiscal 2014.
The Program is used to evaluate compliance of reporting issuers (RIs) with continuous disclosure obligations and how regulators reacted in the year to deficiencies including referrals of RIs to enforcement, commencement of cease-trading proceedings, placing RIs on the default list, forcing refilings, and requiring changes in future RI filings.
The CSA conducted fewer reviews in fiscal 2014 (a 26% year-over-year decrease), but these reviews led to more serious consequences for issuers.
Almost … Continue Reading
The Ontario Securities Commission (“OSC”) has recently released two notices providing helpful guidance on the compliance operations of investment fund managers (“IFMs”). This guidance is contained in the 2013 annual review summary report for dealers, advisers and investment fund managers (the “Annual Report”) and a June, 2014 notice reporting on the targeted review of investment fund managers (the “June Report”).
In this post, we summarize OSC findings in its compliance reviews of IFMs as discussed in the Annual Report and June Report.
Issues respecting UDPs and CCOs
IFMs are required to maintain a control and supervisory … Continue Reading
For the first time in three years, the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC) has sent Ontario registrants a risk assessment questionnaire that must be completed by portfolio managers, investment fund managers, exempt market dealers, restricted portfolio managers and restricted dealers registered in Ontario. The OSC intends to use the data gathered through the questionnaire to inform its decisions about “which firms require further attention and oversight”.
In some cases, the questionnaire may put recipient registrants at risk of admitting working capital deficiencies, inappropriate marketing practices and other potential violations. As a result, it is important that answers be considered carefully. The … Continue Reading
Recently, the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) released the results of a best execution survey it conducted of all its dealer members that execute secondary market trades in listed securities. There is great variability in the best execution practices followed by participants. In this post we comment on some of the survey results.
Compliance and Supervision Practices
Nearly three quarters of respondents have procedures specifically in place to supervise compliance with best execution. Only two thirds of the participants that are members of some marketplaces and always use an executing participant to enter orders … Continue Reading
In its latest annual review summary report for dealers, advisers and investment fund managers (the “Report”), the Ontario Securities Commission (“OSC”) provides some helpful guidance for registrants.
The OSC regulates or oversees through recognized self regulatory organizations the activities of approximately 1300 registered firms and 66,000 individuals in Ontario. The Report largely focuses on registrants directly regulated by the OSC: exempt market dealers, portfolio managers (“PMs”) and investment fund managers.… Continue Reading
The Ontario Securities Commission (“OSC”) recently released its 2013 annual review summary report for dealers, advisers and investment fund managers (the “Report“).
The OSC regulates or oversees through recognized self regulatory organizations the activities of approximately 1300 registered firms and 66,000 individuals in Ontario. The Report largely focuses on registrants directly regulated by the OSC: exempt market dealers (“EMD”) portfolio managers and investment fund managers.
In this post, we summarize OSC findings in its compliance reviews of EMDs.… Continue Reading
IIROC issued final guidance late last week on the use and management of stop loss orders. The guidance comes in the wake of certain anomalous trades last month which prompted IIROC to take regulatory action when automatic triggering of stop loss orders apparently resulted in pricing distortions of Inter Pipeline Fund stock.
A stop loss order is a standing order to sell a security when the price of that security reaches a certain minimum level. Stop loss orders are a method of risk management and are frequently handled by way of automated technology solutions.
IIROC regulated dealers have “best execution” … Continue Reading
The purpose of this paper is to provide a non-resident of Canada with an overview of the dealer registration, adviser registration, investment fund manager registration and prospectus requirements that should be considered and addressed by the non-resident before it begins to trade securities with, or provide investment advice to, any person or company located in Canada, or to act as an investment fund manager in Canada. All currency amounts that are referred to in this paper are denominated in Canadian dollars.
The Canadian Securities Regulatory Framework
Like the United States, Canada has a federal system of government whereby the authority … Continue Reading